Tonifying Kidney

4 Yin tonic (4)

Yin def:  

General: emaciation, lusterless face, dry mouth, irritability, insomnia, dry stool, yellow scanty urine;

Severe: steaming bone, dry cough, flushed face, spermatorrhea, sore lower back;

P– sinking and thin and rapid

T– red tongue and dry scanty coating

Herbs: Dihuang, Maidong, Tiandong, Guiban, Zhimu, etc

***Liu Wei Di Huang Wan 六味地黄丸 16

*Da Bu Yin Wan 大补阴丸  

**Yi Guan Jian 一贯煎

**Zuo Gui Wan 左归丸  

*Liu Wei Di Huang Wan

Pills of Six Ingredients with Rehmannia Combination


Shu di huang 24 g —- replenish KI yin

Shan zhu yu 12 g —- sour, warm, replenish KI/LV yin

Shanyao 12g —- replenish KI and tonify SP

  (Three for replenishing)

Ze xie  9 g —- clear the turbid in KI (+ Shudihuang)

Mu dan pi   9 g —- clear LV fire (+ Shanzhuyu)

Fu ling 9 g —- clear damp in SP (+ shanyao) 

  (Three for reducing)

Note:  The amounts of “three tonics” are larger than the “three reducing herbs”

Method Used: The herbs are ground into powder and mixed with honey to make pills.

Functions: To replenish Yin in the liver and kidneys.

Indications: Yin deficiency of the liver and kidneys.

Soreness and weakness in the lumbar region and knees, blurred vision and dizziness, tinnitis and deafness, dry mouth and thirst, toothache and sore throat, afternoon fever, feverish sensation on the palms, soles and in the chest, night sweating, nocturnal emissions, red tongue with scanty coating, thready and rapid pulse



***1) Zhibai Dihuang Wan= Liu Wei Di Huang Wan + Zhimu/Huangbai

    fire due to KI yin def

*2) Qi Ju Dihuang Wan= Liu Wei Di Huang Wan + Guiqizi/Juhua

    blurred eyes, dry eyes due to KI/LV yin def

3 )Mai Wei  Dihuang Wan= Liu Wei Di Huang Wan + Maidong/Wuweizi

    cough due to LU/KI yin def

4) Duqi Wan = Liu Wei Di Huang Wan + Wuweizi

    asthma due to KI yin def

*Yi Guan Jian

Decoction to Replenish Yin of the Liver and Kidneys


Sheng di huang 30 g —- Nourish yin and blood, nourish LV/KI

Mai men dong 10 g, Sha shen 10 g, Dang gui 10 g, Gou qi zi 12 g —- Nourish yin and blood, sooth LV

Chuanlianzi 5g —- Shuxie (sooth) LV qi

Method Used: The herbs are cooked with water by decoction.

Functions: To replenish Yin and promote function of the liver in dispersing and descending.

Indications: Yin deficiency of the liver and kidneys, as well as Qi stagnation of the liver. (and disharmony between LV and ST)

Pain in the chest and hypochondria, bearing down sensation of the lower abdomen and testes, epigastric pain, bitter taste in the mouth, acid regurgitation, dry mouth/ throat, red tongue with little and dry coating, thready and wiry or thready and weak pulse

Zuo Gui Wan


Shudihuang 24 —- Replenish KI yin

Gouqizi 12 —– Nourish essence and benefit eyes

Shanzhuyu 12 —- Astringe essence and sweat

Guiban (jiao) 12 —- Tonify KI yang, also nourish KI yin – regulate Ren and Du Ms

Lujiao (jiao) 12 —-Nourish KI yin, also tonify KI yang,  “Nourishing yin from yang”

Tusizi 12, Chuan niu xi 9 —- Strengthen the waist and bone

Shanyao 12 —- strengthen SP/KI

Indications: sore, aching lower back, night sweats, dry mouth, thirst with desire for water, seminal emissions; slow development in children, prmature aging, low sex drive, infertility.

Functions: Nourishes the yin and clears deficiency heat

                  Tonifies the KI and replenishes the essence

Da Bu Yin Wan


Shudihuang 18

Guiban 18

Huangbai 12

Zhimu 12

Quickly replenish yin, tonify LV/KI and replenish the essence, so to clear deficiency fire

Indications: severe LI and KI yin and essence deficiency with deficiency heat

***Liu Wei Di Huang Wan 六味地黄丸 16-

*Da Bu Yin Wan 大补阴丸  

**Yi Guan Jian 一贯煎

**Zuo Gui Wan 左归丸  

5 Yang tonic (3)


***Jin Kui Shen Qi Wan 金匮肾气丸 17- 

Ji Sheng Shen Qi Wan 济生肾气丸

*You Gui Wan 右归丸

KI yang def: 

Herbs: Fuzhi, Rougui, Duzhong, Bajitian, Buguzi

*(Jin Gui) Shen Qi Wan


Pills for Tonifying Qi of the Kidneys

sheng di huang (Shudihuang?) 24 g

Shan yao 12 g 

Shan yu rou (shan zhu yu) 12 g

Zexie 9g

Fuling 9 g

Mudanpi  9 g

Guizhi 3 g (rou gui) — “Tonifying yang through nourishing yin”

Fuzi 3 g — “gentle fire generates qi”

Method Used: The herbs are ground into powder, then mixed with honey to make pills.

Functions: To warm and reinforce kidney Yang.

Indications: Kidney Yang deficiency, declined “gate fire”

Lower back pain, weakness of the legs, cold feeling in the lower part of the body, lower abdominal spasms,

dysuria, profuse, clear urine, nocturnal enuresis, incontinence of urine, edema, 

impotence, premature ejaculation, 

cough and asthma, shortness of breath, palpitation, 

thirst, drinking a lot of water, 

pale, flabby tongue with white coating, deep, thready and forceless pulse.

Applications: Diabetes, chronic nephritis, neurasthenia, impotence, edema and chronic bronchitis.


How to understand KI fire is “fire in water”?

        (can not be declined, or hyper)

Why and how do Guizhi/Fuzi used? (for qi or for yang or for both?)

        (slightly produce “fire” tonify KI qi)

Ji Sheng Shen Qi Wan


 (加味肾气丸, jia wei shen qi wan)

Shudihuang 15 g, Shanyao 30 g, Shanyurou 30 g

Zexie 30g, Fuling 30 g, Mudanpi  30 g

Rougui 30 g, Fuzi 2 pieces

Chuan Niuxi 15, Cheqianzi 30

Functions: To warm and reinforce kidney Yang, promote urination and relieve edema

Indications: Kidney Yang deficiency, manifested as heavy sensation of the lower back, foot swellingdifficulty in urination

You Gui Wan


Functions: Warm and tonify KI yang

replenish essence and blood

Indications: KI yang deficiency (source yang def) 

“life gate” fire insufficiency

manifested as fatigue, exhaustion, cold limbs(prolonged disease) impotence, spermatorrhea intertility (source yang def, congenitally or by chronic diseases),  loose stool (KI yang def SP yang def), urinary incontinence (KI yang def), edema of the lower extremities (KI yang def SP yang def), soreness in the lower back

Rougui 6-12. Fuzi 6-18, Lujiaojiao 12 — Warm and tonify KI yang, replenish essence and marrow          

Shudihuang 12 g, Shanyao 30 g, Shanyurou/shan zhu yu 9 g, Tusizi 12g, Gouqizi 12g, Duzhong —- Nourish yin, strengthen KI, LI, SP

Danggui —- Nourish blood

Essence/blood → souce yang


Ji Sheng Shen Qi Wan 济生肾气丸

***Jin Kui Shen Qi Wan 金匮肾气丸 17- 

*You Gui Wan 右归丸